## Graduate School of Education

research proposal submitted to the faculty of education at st. augustine university of tanzania. by kerambo philemon reg. no baed january, Educational research proposals are designed to stretch the thinking capabilities and awareness of students pursuing master's degrees in education. A research proposal should contribute new. Dec 14, · Akhter Ali Roll # 06 RESEARCH PROPOSAL 2. INTRODUCTION Rationale for the Study • The importance of quality education is universally recognized because the overall development of every country is tied to the type and standard of education, it provides. This, largely, depends on the internal efficiency of schools.

## Proposal Templates | College of Education Research and Outreach | New Mexico State University

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Sample Action Research Proposal. Mharfe Micaroz. The citizen of the modern world could not afford to be ignorant of Mathematics because the world is highly mathematical Betz as cited by Salazar, Hence, effective Mathematics instruction has become the absolute necessity in all levels of education.

Despite explaining the importance of Mathematics, the students of today still have that negative attitudes toward the subject Salazar, Most students think Mathematics is a boring subject, and it is **sample research proposal education** to memorize and understand formulas Scarpello, Some students who cannot appreciate the importance of Mathematics even say that learning the four fundamental operations is enough, the use of graphs and formulas have no relevance to their daily living, so there is no need for further knowing the subject Suinn, In an international scene, particularly in America, a study was conducted by Gallup for determining the most difficult subject for American teenagers, surprisingly, Mathematics topped the list.

In the Philippines, a High School Readiness Test was administered to all Grade 6 graduates in public elementary schools in May, showed very low scores in Mathematics test. It was reported that out of the 34 participating nations, the Philippines was third from the bottom of the participating countries.

The Philippines got points as compared to Singapore having points for Mathematics. The two lower countries were Morocco and South Africa Thus, we can infer that many Filipino students are having difficulties in subject Mathematics. Six years later, a percentage of The low performance in Mathematics at all levels is closely related to or a product of Mathematics anxiety. Many researchers, like, TobiasWilliamsHembreeCemen*sample research proposal education*, GodbeyRichardson and Suinnand Tapia and Moldavan contributed to either the definition or measurement instruments for mathematics anxiety.

Several classroom strategies such as incorporating games and using relaxed settings to reduce mathematics anxiety have been suggested Hatch, **sample research proposal education**, However, little has been done in the area of long-term coping strategies.

Teachers are encouraged to use several strategies, but students are at a loss for what to do when faced with mathematics anxiety independently, *sample research proposal education*. The focus of this study is to determine if the implementation of computer-based instruction in the classroom is a long term strategy that can effectively reduce mathematics anxiety to the students. Founded on February 14,the institution started from a Barrio Charter to host secondary education for students to a highly-respected educational institution catering students from Tagum City and the province of Davao del Norte.

On Junethe school shifted academic focus to the newly-implemented Secondary Education Curriculum SECthough the said program was implemented on SY Along with the intervention planned, this research proposal will also examine the possible causes of mathematics anxiety.

However, for its actualization, the following questions were proposed. What are the possible instruments in measuring the levels of mathematics anxiety? What is the level of mathematics anxiety of the students?

Is there a significant difference between the levels of mathematics anxiety when the students are grouped by gender or by year level or by curriculum? What are the possible causes of mathematics anxiety? How effective is the computer-based instruction in reducing math anxiety? Is there a significant difference between the mean scores of the post-test of the control group taught according to the traditional method and the experimental group taught according to the computer-based math program?

This will also support teachers, parents, and students by increasing their knowledge of math anxiety and integrating computer technology in teaching that can both avoid and alleviate it.

Thus, in general, this action research proposal will contribute to the maximum development of our society and in our present educational status. However it is not covered in this paper, and worthy to study in a later date.

Finally, this action research proposal will not be taken too general as the study only focused in one setting the Tagum City National High School. This relates to the purpose of the research proposal which will support teachers, parents, and students by increasing their knowledge of math anxiety and integrating computer technology in teaching that can both avoid and alleviate it.

It occurs at different ages in different people for different reasons. It can also generate pressure to drive people to think or react in an unreasonable way or cause avoidance of math classes until the last minute. Clawson provides evidence that those students who fall behind because of math anxiety could experience extreme difficulty in trying to catch up to their expected level of performance. If students of this age can be made more aware of math anxiety and how to work with it, they might be able to bypass those negative experiences.

Wittman et al. Dodd stated that mathematics anxiety is due to poor instructional methods which affect cognition. For example using a traditional way of teaching mathematics which focuses only in lecture and remembering of algorithms, *sample research proposal education*. Williamson the other hand, describes negative rooted beliefs as beginning in the *sample research proposal education* and the teaching of mathematics.

Richardson supported this idea when he claimed that an unfortunate experience with a math teacher can cause math anxiety. Later, Swetman points out that there is a slight correlation between the 3rd and 6th graders and their teachers in mathematics anxiety levels. In a recent study by Scarpelloit was revealed that parental attitudes towards mathematics also have important influences over students' math anxiety.

Hence, the negative emotions *sample research proposal education* by teachers in mathematics classrooms and by parents at home can be transferred to students and thus also generate mathematics anxiety.

Math- anxious students learn lesser math than their low-anxious peers because they take fewer math classes and get poorer grades in the math classes they do take. Math anxiety has been studied for many years but has recently received renewed attention.

Researchers believe that implementation of strategies to prevent or reduce math anxiety will improve math achievement for many students Geist, Geist indicates that relating math to real life such as counting change and going grocery shopping can help in reducing math anxiety to the students. Using also manipulative to represent abstract ideas allows young learners to more easily understand the concepts they represent.

In addition, students enjoy the change from lectures and books to hands-on learning Plaisance, Recent research also **sample research proposal education** that technology such as computers and internet is a helpful tool in reducing math anxiety Hellum, Technology Worldwide, technology has already been integrated to a great extent and in a variety of mathematics courses at different levels.

Many instructors from both technologically developed and underdeveloped countries have realized that technology serves as a vehicle for changing the nature of the course from one where students passively receive information to one where students actively participate in their education Sun, Y. Through technology, **sample research proposal education**, students become active learners on their own pace, having control over their learning individuality or as a member of a group.

Due to the fact that the material is presented in a more interesting and challenging way, learners are motivated Kasli,and the students' curiosity and fantasy are triggered. As a result, the learners feel more confident when they use interactive software, since they have the opportunity **sample research proposal education** evaluate themselves.

CBI is the use of computers in the teaching and learning **sample research proposal education** Brophy, CBI is more effective on less successful children.

The reason for this is that the computer-based instruction enables the children to progress at their own pace and provides them with appropriate alternative ways of learning by individualizing the learning process Senemoglu, Brophy evaluates the types of CBI available to *sample research proposal education.* CBI programs typically fit into five categories: drill and practice, tutorials, instructional games, simulations, and utility programs.

CBI provides drawings, graphics, animation, music and plenty materials for the students to proceed at their own pace and in line with their individual differences. Liao concludes *sample research proposal education* CBI had a positive effect on individuals by comparing 52 research studies carried out in Taiwan in his meta-analysis study.

In addition, CBI also **sample research proposal education** the students to increase their motivation and achievements and to develop positive attitudes Sentini, There are a *sample research proposal education* of researches in CBI. Some of these studies reveal that CBI serves to establish more effective learning situations than traditional teaching methods which involve teacher presentation, question and answer techniques, and discussions Gance, Conclusion This literature review focuses on reducing mathematics anxiety through computer- **sample research proposal education** instruction.

As previously discussed, it is known that mathematics anxiety is generated by different causes. If the anxiety is caused by the failure of cognition, it means that anxiety can be reduced by improving the students' ability of cognition.

If it is the teachers' and parents' anxiety that makes the students anxious, it is necessary to reduce the teachers' and parents' anxiety to prevent further negative influence.

Using technology as a tool to enhance students' learning ability can overcome the anxiety caused by the cognitive failure. In a technology-based classroom, we should be aware also that a student's unfamiliarity with technology can generate computer anxiety. The idea that unfamiliarity with technology can compound mathematics anxiety is not covered in this paper. However, it is noteworthy that this possibility does **sample research proposal education** and the topic is worthy of study at a later date, *sample research proposal education*.

Computers help the students become more active rather than *sample research proposal education* passive learners. In addition, it develops confidence and independence to the students. On the side of the teacher, implementing computer-based instruction in teaching mathematics makes the classroom more interactive and cooperative.

Thus, it can help to reduce mathematics anxiety and increase motivation and self-efficacy among the students. Research Method A quantitative approach will be followed. Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process to describe and test relationships and examine cause and effect interactions among variables Grove, The researcher chooses quantitative approach because it quantifies the data so that it can be treated statistically.

Furthermore, Delan states that quantitative research is a better method than qualitative research because it is more simplified and numerical results can be easier to understand. A descriptive survey design will be also used in this study. A survey is used to collect original data for describing a population too large to observe directly Mouton, A survey obtains information from a sample of people by means of self-report, that is, the people respond to a series of questions posed by the investigator Hungler, In this study the information will be collected through self-administered questionnaires and will be distributed personally to the subjects by the researcher.

A descriptive survey has been selected because it provides an accurate portrayal or account of the characteristics, **sample research proposal education**, for example behavior, opinions, abilities, beliefs, and knowledge of a particular individual, situation or group. This design has been chosen to meet the objectives of the study, namely to design an instrument in measuring the level of anxiety of the students.

The questionnaires will be utilized by two groups: the control group without intervention and the experimental group with intervention. The results will be collected and treated using appropriate statistical tools. The sample of this study will only consist of students, **sample research proposal education**.

The researcher will make use of stratified sampling to select students.

### Research proposal in education

Imagine making the difference. At the forefront of teacher education for more than years, the Graduate School of Education stands as one of the top five schools of education in Australia. Be inspired to learn and inspire others to learn. Be part of the Graduate School of Education tradition. research proposal submitted to the faculty of education at st. augustine university of tanzania. by kerambo philemon reg. no baed january, This is a sample for Research Proposal Samples in education. It states the points to cover in the introduction of the proposal, objectives to cover in the body and a perfect summary of the conclusion. It should clearly mention the timeline, outcome, and money needed for the research. Sample Quantitative Research Proposal.